Salmonella in Kratom causes FDA to Orders Mandatory Recall

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Apr 5, 2018

The FDA issued a forced recall due to Triangle Pharmanaturals, refusal to cooperate and voluntarily pull its products after they tested positive for Salmonella. It is the first time that such order is issued. “Our first approach is to encourage voluntary compliance, but when we have a company like this one, which refuses to cooperate, is violating the law and is endangering consumers, we will pursue all avenues of enforcement under our authority,” FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb said. The mandatory recall is the FDA’s first since it was given the authority to issue such an order for food products in 2011. Under the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act, the FDA has the authority to order the recall of food products when it determines that there is a reasonable probability that the article is adulterated and that its use could cause serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals. Under the federal law, Dietary supplements are considered foods, not drugs. FDA is investigating a Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Infections Linked to Products Reported to Contain Kratom.

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Detection of bacterial growth and Biofilm formation in pipelines made easy

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Mar 18, 2018
By Giovanni Pavanello

Bacteria embedded in the biofilm are more difficult and expensive to eliminate, than free-floating planktonic bacteria. Their presence in manufacturing pipelines can be responsible for a wide range of water quality and operational problems. By measuring bacteria bio-electrochemical activity (a phenomenon known as “ennoblement” or “cathodic depolarization”), the ALVIM technology detects biofilm formation since its first phases, online and in real time. The system allows the user to decide when to apply CIP, and check in real time if biofilm was actually removed.

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Precedence-setting Food Safety Case: Foster Chicken Farm found Liable in Salmonella Case

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Mar 12, 2018

A jury in Arizona returned a precedent-setting verdict in favor of 5 ½ years old boy (Noah Craten) that had brain surgery in 2013, as a result of a massive brain abscess. The doctors determined that the abscess was caused by bacterial meningitis due to Salmonella Heidelberg infection from what was believed to be chicken produced by Foster Poultry Farms. The jury’s conclusion on Foster Farm negligence was based on microbiological and epidemiological evidence alone. Fluid removed from the abscess during surgery showed that the Salmonella bacteria present in the abscess matched one of the strains in the Foster Farm’s outbreak. The jury seems to reject the argument that Salmonella contamination is natural to raw chicken, and therefore it cannot form the basis of liability.

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A Single Genetic Code Change Makes African Salmonella More Deadly

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Mar 1, 2018

A new study identified a single genetic code change that allows Salmonella Typhimurium (ST313) to play a major role in bloodstream infection in sub-Saharan Africa. Invasive non-typhoidal Salmonellosis (iNTS) is killing ~ 390,000 people annually in sub-Saharan Africa. iNTS is caused by Salmonella that enters the bloodstream and spread through the body. The African iNST is caused by a variant of Salmonella Typhimurium (ST313) that is antibiotic resistant, and affect people with a deficient immune system. This Salmonella strain seems to be very similar to the Salmonella Typhimurium that causes gastrointestinal illness. A team of scientists used advanced genetic techniques to switch various single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) to find the one responsible for the difference in the Salmonella strain between the strain that can enter the bloodstream and are antibiotic resistant, and the one causing gastroenteritis.

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Salmonella Alert: Triple Meats Recalls Chicken Salad Products Sold At Fareway

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Feb 23, 2018

On February 9, 2018, the Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) was notified by Iowa health officials about an investigation regarding Salmonella Typhimurium illnesses. The health authorities linked the outbreak with chicken salad sold in Fairway stores. On February 14, 2018, the FSIS issued the first alert relating to potential Salmonella contamination in chicken salad sold at Fareway grocery stores.  On February 21, 2018, the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety (USDA) and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced the recall of Triple...

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Dog Foods in the News: Recalls for Salmonella, Listeria and Illegal Drug

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Feb 20, 2018

In February a number of dog food brands were recalled.  The recalls were due to bacterial contamination (Salmonella and Listeria) as well as the presence of an illegal drug. Recalls due to Bacterial Contamination In February, Salmonella contamination appeared in four different dog food products, prompting the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to announce the recall of these products.   Salmonella can cause illness in pets, but it can also cause the pets to become carriers infecting humans.  The companies recalling dog food include: Raws...

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The New Trending Page of ask-bioexpert.com is Active Now

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Feb 12, 2018

The trending page is active now.  I would like to emphasize the importance of this page in bringing up-to-date information about the trends of our profession. I encourage you to go to the trending page and read the topics that so far have been posted.   If you have any relevant interesting topic, it is easy to post it on the page and help bring the information to the benefit of our members. The trending page should discuss current trends in food safety, intriguing articles, and bring to the attention of our members any new topic that might be of interest. Any registered user can easily publish any relevant trend or post a comment on any previously published trend posting.

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UMass Amherst Developed a Low-Cost Chip to Detect Bacteria in Food and Water

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Feb 3, 2018

According to a press release from the University of Massachusetts Amherst, a team of scientists developed a low cost, rapid method for the detection of bacteria in food samples. The assay steps include rinsing of the fruit or vegetable, collecting the rinse water sample, adding the water to the chemical-based microchip that will capture the harmful bacteria, and detection of the bacteria using a smartphone with a light microscope adaptor. The Chip includes 3-mercaptophenylboronic acid (3-MBPA) that attracts and binds

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Washing Hands – Is It All That It’s Cracked Up To Be?

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Jan 29, 2018
By Gideon Eden

For years we have been told by the scientific community that hand washing is a key factor in preventing disease. Since childhood, we have been educated by our parents to wash our hands whenever we may be exposed to microorganisms. We regularly wash our hands before meals, after touching dirty surfaces, after petting animals, and of course after touching sick individuals. Nevertheless, the author wishes to raise an issue regarding the role of the personal immune system in preventing diseases and ask whether excessive hand washing for years can potentially inhibit the immune system from developing its own natural protection mechanisms, thereby becoming a contributor of illnesses rather than its protector.

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South Africa Has the World’s Largest Listeria Outbreak According to WHO

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Jan 16, 2018

South Africa is encountering the worst case of listeriosis ever reported, according to WHO. Currently, there are 727 laboratory-confirmed cases, with 67 death reported. The number of cases and the death toll has increased significantly since last December when South Africa had 577 cases and 36 deaths. The most distressing element of this outbreak is that 40% of the dead are babies less than four weeks old mostly infected from their mothers. The infected people come from diverse socio-economic backgrounds, as determined by the use of both public and private hospitals. The source of the infection is unknown yet.

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